3:15 a.m. McClernand to Grant: "I will press the enemy with all possible dispatch."

11:15 a.m. McClernand to Grant: "I am hotly engaged with the enemy...A vigorous blow by McPherson would make a diversion in my favor."

James B. McPherson, Commander 17th
Army Corps

Ulysses S. Grant, photograph taken
at Vicksburg by Barr & Young

Major General John McClernand

" 11:50 a.m. Grant to McClernand: "If your advance is weak strengthen it by drawing from your reserves."

"12:00 p.m. McClernand to Grant: "We have part-possession of two Forts, and the stars and stripes are floating over them."