Samuel E. Winnemore was born in Philadelphia in 1835 and graduated from the Medical Department of the University of New York in 1856. He moved to Benton, Alabama. When the war began, he joinded the 1st Alabama Infantry as a surgeon. In April 1862 at the Battle of Island #10, Dr. Winnemore was captured by the Union Army. Four days later, he and over 1,000 other Confederates arrived at Camp Butler (Springfield, Illinois) as Prisoners of War, joining 2,000 of their fellow P.O.W.s already imprisoned there following Battle of Fort Donelson. While Winnemore was imprisoned, he served as a surgeon in Camp Butler's P.O.W. hospital. In September, the prisoners were sent to Vicksburg to be exchanged. When the Union staff at Hospital #4 learned that Dr. Winnemore would be leaving, they wrote him a warm farewell letter. After the exchange, Winnemore rejoined the Confederate army. On May 24, 1864 at the Battle of New Hope Church, he was shot in the eye. Winnemore's brother, Ezra, also fought in that battle--but for the Union--as a private in the 1st Illinois Light Artillery. Both brothers survived the war. It is unknown if they ever had contact with each other after the war began. Samuel died in Benton, Alabama in 1906 and Ezra died in Clinton, Iowa in 1891.



Letter from Winnemore on January 8, 1898, addressed to Capt. Peyton Bibb of Benton, Alabama. Bibb was evidently collecting information for a United Daughters of the Confederacy chapter publication. Winnemore writes about his six month imprisonment at Camp Butler and how he "had [his] right eye shot out."


Manuscript document dated August 22, 1862 written by members of the 1st Alabama Volunteers, Comapny H, thanking Dr. Winnemore, regimental surgeon at Camp Butler Confederate Prison in Springfield, Illinois.

Letter dated September 3, 1862 to S. E. Winnemore from stewards and attendants of Hospital #4 at Camp Butler.